Yoshida, K., Oyama, K.and Kondo, T.; Structure of Polyacylated Anthocyanins and Their UV Protective Effect. In Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 5. (Yoshida, K., Cheynier, V., and Quideau, S. eds.) Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Chichester, pp. 171-192. (January 2017).

吉田久美、色素「生物学辞典」(巌佐庸、倉谷滋、斎藤成也、塚谷裕一編)岩波書店、東京、pp.562 (2013.2.26).

Yoshida, K., Oyama, K.and Kondo, T.; Chemistry of Flavonoids in Color Development. In Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 3. (Cheynier, V., Sarni-Manchado, P. and Quideau, S. eds.) Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Chichester,pp. 99-129. (May 29, 2012).

吉田久美、色素の種類「植物の分子育種学」(鈴木正彦編・著)講談社、東京、pp.52-57 (2011.12.20).



Original papers

Ito, T., Oyama, K.-I., Yoshida, K.: Direct observation of hydrangea blue-complex composed of 3-O-glucosyldelphinidin, Al3+ and 5-O-acylquinic acid by ESI-Mass Spectrometry. Molecules, 23 (6), 1424 (2018). DOI: 10.3390/molecules23061424


Moloney, M., Robbins, R.J., Collins, T., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K., Dangles, O.; Red cabbage anthocyanins: The influence of D-glucose acylation by hydroxycinnamic acids on their structural transformations in acidic to mildly alkaline conditions and on the resulting color. Dyes Pigments, 158, 342-352 (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.dyepig.2018.05.057.


Mendoza, J., Basílio, N., Pina, F., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Rationalizing the Color in Heavenly Blue Anthocyanin: A Complete Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study. J. Phys. Chem. B, 122, 4982-4992 (2018).DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.8b01136

El-Meligy, A.B., Ishihara, T., Oyama, K-I., El-Nahas, A. M., Yoshida, K.: The First Synthesis of 3-O-Methylcyanidin and the Effect of 3-O-Substitution on Stability under Acidic Conditions. Heterocycles, In press, DOI: 10.3987/COM-18-S(T)74.


Basílio, N., Lima, C. J., Cruz L., de Freitas, V., Pina, F., Ando, H., Kimura, Y., Oyama, K-I., Yoshida, K.: Unveiling the 6,8-rearrangement in 8-phenyl-5,7-dihydroxyflavylium and 8-methyl-5,7-dihydroxyflavylium through host-guest complexation. Chem. Eur. J., 37, 5617-5626 (2017).


Yoshida, K., Azuma, K., Kondo, T.: Structure of muscariflavone A-C isolated from purplish blue spicate flower petals of Muscari armeniacum. Nat. Prod. Comm. 12,1245-1248 (2017).


Zheng, P., Ito, T., Aoki, D., Sato, S., Yoshida, M., Sano, Y., Matsushita, Y., Fukushima, K., Yoshida, K.: Determination of inorganic eleent distribution in the freeze-fixed stem of Al2(SO4)3-treated Hydrangea macrophylla by TOF-SIMS and ICP-AES. Holzforschung.71, 471-480(2017).


Kimura, Y., Oyama, K-I., Murata, Y., Wakamiya, A., Yoshida, K.: Synthesis of 8-aryl-O-methylcyanidins and their usage for dye-sensitized solar cell devices. Int. J. Mol. Sci., 18, 427(2017).


Kimura, Y., Oyama, K-I., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Synthesis of 8-aryl-3,5,7,3',4'-penta-O-methylcyanidins from the corresponding quercetin derivatives by reduction with LiAlH4. Tetrahedron Lett., 58, 919-922(2017).


Oyama, K-I., Watanabe, N., Yoshida, K.: Synthesis of 2-aroyl-1-methyl-1H-imidazoles using aryl carboxylic acids. Heterocycles, 95, 1177-1173 (2017).


Kimura, Y., Maeda, T., Iuchi, S., Koga, N., Murata Y., Wakamiya, A., Yoshida, K.: Characterization of dye-sensitized solar cells using five pure anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosides possessing different chromophores. J. Photochem., Photobiol., A, 335, 230-238 (2017).


Kimura, Y., Kato, R., Oyama, K-I., Kondo T., Yoshida, K.: Efficient preparation of various O-methylquercetins by selective demethylation. Nat. Prod. Comm., 11, 957-96 1(2016).


Yoshida, K., Tojo, K., Mori, M., Yamashita, K., Kitahara, S., Noda, M., Uchiyama, S.: Chemical mechanism of petal color development of Nemophila menziesii by a metalloanthocyanin, nemophilin. Tetrahedron,71, 9123-9130 (2015).


Oyama, K-I., Yamada, T., Ito, D., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Metal-complex Pigment Involved in the Blue Sepal Color Development of Hydrangea. J. Agric. Food. Chem., 63, 7630-7635 (2015).


Oyama, K-I., Watanabe, N., Yamada, T., Suzuki, M., Sekiguchi, Y., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Efficient and versatile synthesis of 5-O-acylquinic acids with a direct esterification using a p-methoxybenzyl quinate as a key intermediate. Tetrahedron,71, 3120-3130 (2015).


Mori, M., Ito, D., Miki, N., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Structure of tecophilin, a tri-caffeoylanthocyanin from the blue petals of Tecophilaea cyanocrocus, and the mechanism of blue color development. Tetrahedron, 70, 8657-8664 (2014) .


Yoshida, K., Negishi, T.: The identification of a vacuolar iron transporter involved in the blue coloration of cornflower petals. Phytochemistry, 94, 60-67 (2013).


Negishi, T., Oshima, K., Hattori, M., Yoshida, K.: Plasma membrane-localized Al-transporter from blue hydrangea sepals is a member of the anion permease family. Genes to Cells, 18, 341-352 (2013).

Negishi, T., Oshima, K., Hattori, M., Kanai, M., Mano, Shoji, Nishimura, M., Yoshida, K.: Tonoplast- and Plasma Membrane-localized Aquaporin-family Transporters in Blue Hydrangea Sepals of Aluminum Hyperaccumulating plant. PLOS ONE, 7, e73189 (2012).

Momonoi, K., Tsuji, T., Kazuma, K., Yoshida, K.: Specific Expression of the Vacuolar Iron Transporter, TgVit, Causes Iron Accumulation of Blue-colored Inner Bottom Segments of Various Tulip Petals. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 76, 319-325 (2012).

Tanikawa, N., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T., Mizuno, T., Iwashina, T., Nakayama, M.: Urakunoside from Petals of Wabisuke Camellia cv. Tarokaja. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 53, 2046-2048 (2011).



Reviews & etc

Cheynier, V., Tomas-Barberan, F. A., Yoshida, K.: Polyphenols: from plants to a variety of food and nonfood uses. J. Agric. Food. Chem., 63, 7589-7594 (2015).

Cheynier, V., Yoshida, K., Martens, S.: Focus issue on polyphenols. Planta, 242, 507 (2015).

吉田久美「色素としてのポリフェノール—化学と機能—」日本ポリフェノール学会雑誌、3,20-30 (2014) .

Oyama, K., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T., Recent progress in the synthesis of flavonoids: from monomers to supra-complex molecules. Curr. Org. Chem., 15, 2567-2607 (2011).



吉田久美、根岸孝至、服部正平、大島健志朗:植物の液胞におけるアルミニウム集積に関わる遺伝子及び当該遺伝子がコードするタンパク質、特願2010-200882.平成2298日.特開2012-55219.平成24322日.特許 5713310 平成27年3月20日




近藤忠雄、吉田久美、花の色を化学する、「植物の知恵−化学と生物学からのアプローチ−」(山村庄亮、長谷川宏司編)大学教育出版、pp. 135-151 (2005).

吉田久美、アジサイの花色変化−なぜ、移り変りやすいのか−、「不思議な生物現象の化学」(上村大輔編)クバプロ、pp.26-34 (2005).

吉田久美、花色素、「天然物化学−植物編−」(山村庄亮、長谷川宏司編)アイピーシー、東京、pp. 125-134 (2007.2.28).

吉田久美、近藤忠雄、花の色とアントシアニン「アントシアニンの科学­ 生理機能・製品開発の新展開—」(津田孝範、須田郁夫、津志田藤二郎編著)建帛社、東京、pp.47-73 (2009.4.30).

吉田久美、近藤忠雄、Cyanidin 3-O-b-D-glucoside「天然物の全合成20002008(日本)」(有機合成化学協会編)化学同人、京都、pp.44(2009.6.8).


Original papers

Mori, M., Yoshida, K., Ishigaki, Y., Matsunaga, T., Nikaido, O., Kameda, K., Kondo, T.: UV-B protecting effect of a polyacylated anthocyanin, HBA, in flower petals of the blue morning glory, Ipomoea tricolor, cv. Heavenly blue. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 13, 2015-2020 (2005).

Yoshida, K., Kawachi, M., Mori, M., Maeshima, M., Kondo, M., Nishimura M., Kondo, T.: The involvement of tonoplast proton pumps and Na+(K+)/H+ exchangers in the change of petal color during flower opening of morning glory, Ipomoea tricolor cv. Heavenly Blue. Plant Cell Physiol. 46, 407-415 (2005).

Yoshida, K., Kondo, T., Ito, M., Kondo, T.:Analysis of Polyphenols in Water Extract of Red Adzuki Bean, Vigna angularis. ITE Letters, 6, 226-231 (2005).

Kondo, T.,Toyama-Kato Y. Yoshida, K.: Essential structure of co-pigment for blue sepal-color development of hydrangea. Tetrahedron Lett.,46, (39) 6645-6649 (2005).

Mori, M., Kondo, T., Toki, K., Yoshida, K., Structure of anthocyanin from the blue petals of Phacelia campanularia and its blue flower color development. Phytochemistry, 67, 622-629 (2006).

Yoshida, K., Kitahara, S., Ito, D., Kondo, T.: Ferric ions involved in the flower color development of the Himalayan blue poppy, Meconopsis grandis. Phytochemistry, 67, 992-998 (2006).

Kondo, T., Oyama, K., Nakamura, S., Yamakawa, D., Tokuno, K., Yoshida, K.: A novel and efficient synthesis of cyanidin 3-O-b-D-glucoside from (+)-catechin via a flav-3-en-3-ol as a key intermediate. Org. Lett., 8, 3609-3612 (2006).

Mori. M., Nakagawa, S., Maeshima M., Niikura S., Yoshida, K.: Anthocyanins from the Rhizome of Raphanus sativus, and change in the composition during maturation. Heterocylces, 69, 239-251 (2006). 

Shoji, K., Miki, N., Nakajima, N., Momonoi, K., Kato, C., Yoshida, K.: Perianth bottom-specific blue color development in tulip cv. Murasakizuisho requires ferric ions. Plant Cell Physiol. 48, 243-251 (2007).  

Momonoi, K., Shoji, K., Yoshida, K.: Cloning and characterization of ACC oxidase genes from tulip. Plant Biotechnology. 24, 241-246 (2007).

Toyama-Kato, Y., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Synthesis of designed acylquinic acid derivatives involved in blue color development of hydrangea and their co-pigmentation effect. Heterocylces, 72, 239-254 (2007).

Oyama, K-I., Kawaguchi, S., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T.: Synthesis of pelargonidin 3-O-6-O-acetyl-b-D-glucopyranoside, an acylated anthocyanin, via the corresponding kaempferol glucoside. Tetrahedron Lett., 48, 6005-6009 (2007).

Nakamura, S, Oyama, K, Kondo, T. Yoshida, K. : Analysis of Benzylation Products of (+)-Catechin. Heterocylces, 73, 451-460 (2007).

Oyama, K-I., Kuwano, M., Ito, M., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T.: Synthesis of procyanidins by stepwise- and self-condensation using (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin as a key building monomer. Tetrahedron Lett., 49, 3176-3180 (2008).

Oyama, K-I., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Synthesis of oriented anti-virus 7-O-substituted apigenins. Heterocylces, 76, 1607-1615 (2008).

Mori, M., Kondo T., Yoshida, K.: Cyanosalvianin, a Supramolecular Blue Metalloanthocyanin, from Petals of Salvia uliginosa. Phytochemistry, 69, 3151-3158 (2008).

Yoshida, K., Ito, D., Shinkai, Y., Kondo, T.: Change of Color and Components in Sepals of Chameleon Hydrangea during Maturation and Senescence. Phytochemistry, 69, 3159-3165 (2008).

Momonoi, K., Yoshida, K., Mano, S., Takahashi, H., Nakamori, C., Shoji, K., Nitta, A., Nishimura, M.: A Vacuolar Iron Transporter in Tulip, TgVit1, is Responsible for Blue Coloration in Petal Cells through Iron Accumulation. Plant J., 59, 437-447 (2009).

Ito, D., Shinkai, Y., Kato, Y., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Chemical Studies on Different Color Development in Blue- and Red-Colored Sepal Cells of Hydrangea macrophylla. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 73, 1054-1059 (2009).

Hidari, I.P.J. K., Oyama, K-I., Ito, G., Nakayama , M., Inai, M., Kanai, Y., Watanabe, K-I., Yoshida, K., Furuta, T., Kan, T., Suzuki, T.: Identification and characterization of flavonoids as sialyltransferase inhibitors. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 382, 609-613 (2009).

Yoshida, K., Miki, N., Momonoi, K., Kawachi, M., Katou, K., Okazaki, Y., Uozumi, N., Maeshima M., Kondo, T.: Synchrony between Flower Opening and Petal-Color Change from Red to Blue in Morning Glory, Ipomoea tricolor cv. Heavenly Blue. Proc. Jpn. Acad. Ser. B, 85, 187-197 (2009).

Mori, M., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.: Anthocyanin Components and Mechanism of Color Development in Blue Veronica Flowers. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 73, 2329-2331 (2009).


Reviews & etc

「ヤグルマギクが青いのはなぜか?」現代化学、No. 416, 13-14 (2005).

吉田久美「アジサイの色はなぜ移り変わるのか」月刊うちゅう、vol22, No12, 2-7 (2006).

吉田久美「ヒマラヤの青いケシの発色機構−シアニジン配糖体-フラボノール-Fe3+の超分子錯体形成の妙」、化学と生物、vol44, No11, 726-728 (2006).

吉田久美「花弁を青色化するさまざまな仕組み」バイオサイエンスとインダストリー、65, 354-356 (2007).

Yoshida, K., Mori, M., Kondo, T.: Blue Flower Color Development by Anthocyanins: from chemical structure to cell physiology. Nat. Prod. Rep., 26, 884-915 (2009).

吉田久美「赤い蕾から青い花が咲くしくみを解明」化学、64, 72-73 (2009).

桃井千巳、吉田久美「チューリップ花弁の青色発色を担う液胞型鉄輸送体」化学と生物、vol47, No 11,744-746 (2009).



吉田久美、近藤忠雄、尾山公一:アントシアニジン類の製造方法及びフラベノール誘導体、特願2007-317648、特開2009-137904.  特許5382676 平成25年10月11日.




近藤忠雄、吉田久美、花の色の科学、「農芸化学の事典」(鈴木昭憲、荒井綜一編)朝倉書店、pp. 646-650 (2003).

吉田久美、プロトプラストを用いた色素研究法、「植物色素研究法」(植物色素研究会編)大阪公立大学共同出版会、pp. 105-116 (2004).


Original papers

Yoshida, K., Toyama, Y., Kameda, K., Kondo, T.: Contribution of Each Caffeoyl Residue of the Pigment Molecule of Gentiodelphin to Blue Color Development. Phytochamistry, 54, 85-92 (2000).

Aida, R., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T., Kishimoto, S., Shibata, M., Copigmentation gives bluer flowers on transgenic torenia plants with the antisense dihydroflavonol-4-reductase gene. Plant Science, 160, 49-56 (2000).

Kondo, T., Oyama, K., Yoshida, K.: Chiral Molecular Recognition on Formation of a Metalloanthocyanin: A Supramolecular Metal Complex Pigment from Blue Flower of Salvia patens, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 40, 894-897 (2001).

Yoshida, K., Aoki, H., Kameda, K., Kondo, T.:Structure of Muscarinin A, an Acylated Anthocyanin, from Purplish Blue Spicate Flower Petals of Muscari arumeniacum, ITE Letters, 3, 35-38 (2002).

Yoshida, K., Okuno, R., Kameda, K., Kondo, T.: Prevention of UV-Light Induced E,Z-isomerization of Caffeoyl Residues in the Diacylated Anthocyanin, Gentiodelphin, by Intramolecular Stacking. Tetrahedron Lett., 43,  6181-6184 (2002).

Toyama-Kato, Y., Yoshida, K., Fujimori, E.,  Haraguchi, H., Shimizu Y., Kondo, T.:Analysis of metal elements of hydrangea sepals at various growing stages by ICP-AES. Biochem.Eng. J.,  14, 237-241 (2003).

Yoshida, K., Okuno, R., Kameda, K., Mori, M., Kondo, T.: Influence of E,Z-isomerization and stability of acylated anthocyanins under the UV irradiation. Biochem.Eng. J., 14, 163-169 (2003).

Yoshida, K., Toyama-Kato, Y., Kameda, K., Kondo, T.: Sepal Color Variation of Hydrangea macrophylla and Vacuolar pH measured with a Proton-selective Microelectrode. Plant Cell Physiol.,  44, 262-268 (2003).

Yoshida, K., Osanai, M., Kondo, T.: Mechanism of dusky reddish-brown "kaki" color development of Japanese morning glory, Ipomoea nil cv. Danjuro. Phytochemistry, 63, 721-726 (2003).

Yoshida, K., Mori, M., Kawachi, M., Okuno, R., Kameda, K., Kondo, T.: A UV-B resistant polyacylated anthocyanin, HBA, from blue petals of morning glory. Tetrahedron Lett., 44, 7875-7880 (2003).

藤江歩巳、吉田久美、大羽和子:オレガノ葉のポリフェノール化合物、食科工50404-410 (2003).

吉田久美、尾山公一、近藤忠雄:花の色とナノサイエンス、有合化62490-499 (2004).

Ohba, S., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T.: Swertisin dihydrate. Acta Crystall. Section C, 60, o893-o896 (2004).


Reviews & etc

吉田久美「抗酸化とポリフェノール考」、健康文化、(30), 15-20 (2001).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「多彩な花の色に隠された超分子化学」、化学と教育、50, 98-101 (2001).

吉田久美「マメ種皮の色」、豆類時報、26, 21-27 (2002).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「アサガオやアジサイの色はなぜ変わるのか?」、現代化学、No. 376, 25-31 (2002).

吉田久美「アントシアニンによる花色発現」、バイオサイエンスとインダストリー、60,  9-10 (2002).

吉田久美「花色変異の分子メカニズム」、バイオサイエンスとインダストリー、60,  27-30 (2002).

吉田久美「アジサイの花色はどうして変わるのか−植物における液胞の機能−」、化学と工業、57, 217-218 (2004).

吉田久美「アントシアニンによる花色発現−細胞内発色機構の解明を目指して−」、食品・食品添加物研究誌FFIジャーナル、209, 369-378 (2004).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「夢の青いバラ」、現代化学、No. 403, 52-53 (2004).

吉田久美「イオン選択的ガラス微小電極による植物細胞の細胞内イオン濃度の測定」、植物の生長調節、39, 232-240 (2004).


before 1999


Yoshida, K., Kameda, K., Kondo, T. and Goto, T.; Stabilization and Color Variation of Anthocyanins with Inorganic Salts. in Seventh Symposium on Salt, (Kakihana, H., Hardy, H. R. Jr., Hoshi, T. and Toyokura, K. eds.) Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 623-630 (1993).

Yoshida, K. and Böger, P.; Porphyrin Degradation by a Plant Soluble Fraction. in Photosynthesis: from Light to Biosphere, (Mathis, P. ed.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dorfresht, Boston, London, pp. 977-980 (1995).

Yoshida, K., Kameda, K.and Kondo, T.; The Chemistry and Applications of Anthocyanins and Flavones from Perilla Leaves. in Perilla, (He-ci, Y., Kosuna, K. and Haga, M. eds.) Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 149-169 (1997).


Original papers

Nakatsuka, S.,  Yoshida, K. and Goto, T.; Synthetic Studies on Bicyclomaycin I. Synthesis of 1-allyl and benzoyl-8, 10-dimethyl-6-methoxyl-5-methylene-8, 10-diaza-2-oxabicyclo[4.2.2]decane-7, 9-dione, Which Have the Bicyclo Ring System Found in Antibiotic Bicyclomycin; Tetrahedron Lett., 22, 2009-2012 (1981).

Nakatsuka, S.,  Yoshida, K. and Goto, T.; Synthetic Studies on Bicyclomaycin II. Synthesis of (+)-N, N, O-trimethyl-bicyclomycin,Tetrahedron Lett., 22, 4973-4976 (1981).

Nakatsuka, S., Yamada, K., Yoshida, K., Asano, O., Murakami, Y., and Goto, T.; Total Synthesis of Bicyclomycin; Tetrahedron Lett., 24, 5627-5630 (1983).

Kondo, T., Tamura, H., Yoshida, K. and Goto, T.; Structure of Malonylshisonin, a Genuine Pigment in Purple Leaves of Perilla ocimoides L. var. crispa Benth; Agric. Biol. Chem., 53, 797-800 (1989).

Yoshida, K., Hirose, Y., Imai, Y. and Kondo, T.; Conformational Analysis of Cycloartenol, 24-Methylenecycloartanol and Their Derivatives; Agric. Biol. Chem., 53, 1901-1912 (1989).

Kondo, T., Yoshikane, M., Yoshida, K. and Goto, T.; Structure of Anthocyanins in Scarlet, Purple, and Blue Flowers of Salvia; Tetrahedron Lett., 30, 6729-6732 (1989).

Kondo, K., Oki, K., Yoshida, K. and Goto, T.; Structure of Violdelphin, an Anthocyanin from Violet Flower of Delphinium hybridum; Chem. Lett., 137-138 (1990).

Goto, T., Yoshida, K., Yoshikane, M. and Kondo, T.; Chiral Stacking of a Natural Flavone, Flavocommelin, in Aqueous Solutions; Tetrahedron Lett., 31, 713-716 (1990).

Yoshida, K., Kondo, T., Kameda, K. and Goto, T.; Structure of Anthocyanins Isolated from Purple Leaves of Perilla ocimoides L. var. crispa Benth and Their Isomerization by Irradiation of Light; Agric. Biol. Chem., 54, 1745-1751 (1990).

Yoshida, K., Kondo, T.,  Kameda, K., Kawakishi, S., Lubag,  A. J. M., Mendoza, E. M. T. and Goto, T.; Structures of Alatanin A, B and C Isolated from Edible Purple Yam Dioscorea Alata; Tetrahedron Lett., 32 , 5575-5578 (1991).

Yoshida, K., Kondo, T. and Goto, T.; Unusually Stable Monoacylated Anthocyanin from Purple Yam Dioscorea Alata; Tetrahedron Lett., 32 , 5579-5580 (1991).

Kondo, T., Suzuki, K., Yoshida, K., Oki, K., Ueda, M., Isobe, M. and Goto, T.; Structure of Cyanodelphin, a Tetra-p-benzoated Anthocyanin from Blue Flower of Delphinium hybridum; Tetrahedron Lett., 32, 6375-6378 (1991).

Kondo, T., Yoshida, K., Yoshikane, M. and Goto, T.; Mechanism for Color Development in Purple Flower of Commelina communis; Agric. Biol. Chem., 55, 2919-2921 (1991).

Yoshida, K., Kondo, T. and Goto T.; Intramolecular Stacking Conformation of Gentiodelphin, a Diacylated Anthocyanin from Gentiana makinoi; Tetrahedron, 48, 4313-4326 (1992).

Kondo, T., Yoshida, K., Nakagawa, A., Kawai, T., Tamura, H. and Goto, T.; Structural Basis of Blue-Colour Development in Flower Petals: Structure Determination of Commelinin from Commelina communis; Nature, 358, 515-518 (1992).

Nakamura, H., Asari, T., Murai, A., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K. and Ohizumi, Y.; Structures of Periodate Oxidation Products with Characteristic Partial Structures of Zooxanthellatoxin-A, a Potent Vasoconstrictive Polyol from a Symbiotic Dinoflagellate; J. Org. Chem, 58 , 313-314 (1993).

Yoshida, K., Kameda, K. and Kondo, T.; Diglucurono Flavones from Purple Leaves of Perilla ocimoides; Phytochemistry, 33, 917-919 (1993).

Mori, T., Shigeta, J., Yoshida, K. and Kondo T.; Formation of Anthocyanins from Cells Cultured from Different Parts of Strawberry Plants. J. Food. Chem., 58, 788-792 (1993).

Ohsawa, Y., Ohba, S., Kosemura, S., Yamamura, S., Nakagawa, A., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T.; Flavocommelin Octaacetate; Acta Crystall. Section C, 50, 645-648 (1994).

Kondo, T., Ueda, M., Tamura, H., Yoshida, K., Isobe, M., Goto, T.; Composition of Protocyanin, A Self-Assembled Supramolecular Pigment form the Blue Cornflower Centaurea cyanus; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.  33, 978-979 (1994).

Kondo, T., Ueda, M., Yoshida, K., Titani, K., Isobe, M., Goto, T.; Direct Observation of  a Small-Molecule Associated Supramolecular Pigment, Commelinin, by Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectroscopy; J. Amer. Chem.Soc., 116, 7457-7458 (1994).

Yoshida, K., Kondo, T., Okazaki, Y., Katou, K.; Cause of Blue Petal Colour, Nature, 373, 291 (1995).

Nakamura, H., Asari, T., Murai, A., Kan, Y., Kondo, T., Yoshida, K., Ohizumi, Y.; Zooxanthellatoxin-A, a Potent Vasoconstrictive 62-membered Lactone from a Symbiotic Dinoflagellate, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 117, 550-551 (1995).

Yoshida, K., Sato, Y., Okuno, R., Kameda, K., Isobe, M., Kondo, T.; Structural analysis and measurement of anthocyanins from colored seed coats of Vigna, Phaseolus, and Glycine legumes., Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 60, 589-593 (1996).

Fukui, Y., Kusumi, T., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T., Matusda, C., Nomoto, K.; Structures of two diacylated anthocyanins from Petunia hybrida cv. surfinia violet mini., Phytochemistry, 47, 1409-1416 (1998).

Okajima. T., Yoshida, K., Kondo, T., Furukawa, K.: Human Homolog of Caenorhabditis elegans sqv-3 Gene Is Galactosyltransferase I Involved in the Biosynthesis of the Glycosaminoglycan-Protein Linkage Region of Proteoglycans. J. Biol. Chem., 274, 22915-22918 (1999).


Reviews & etc

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「メタロアントシアニン」日本農芸化学会誌、65, 1371-1375 (1991).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「ツユクサ青色花弁色素コンメリニンの構造と青色発色機構」、バイオインダストリー、9, 444-453 (1992).

吉田久美、近藤忠雄「ツユクサ青色花弁色素コンメリニンの構造−青色発色と分子会合」、化学と工業、45, 1676-1679 (1992).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「花色素の構造解明−Willsttter から80年」ファルマシア、28, 1106-1110 (1992).

Kondo, T., Yoshida, K.; Mechanism for Blue Flower-Colour Development: Structural Determination of Commelinin from Blue Petals of Commelina communis; Polyphenols Actualites, 10, 20-21 (1994).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「多彩な色をだす分子」、化学、49, 620-622 (1994).

吉田久美、近藤忠雄「花の色はなぜ多彩で安定か−アントシアニンの花色発現機構」、化学と生物、33, 91-99 (1995).

近藤忠雄、上田実、吉田久美「新たに解明された花色素アントシアニンの青色発色機構」、有機合成化学協会誌、54, 42-53 (1996).

吉田久美「花色発現における分子会合機構の解明に関する研究」、日本農芸化学会誌、70, 9-14 (1996).

吉田久美、近藤忠雄「細胞内微小電極法による花色変異の解明−アサガオの花はなぜ青色になるのか?」、電気化学および工業物理化学、64, 1147-1152 (1996).

吉田久美、「アサガオの花はなぜ青くなるのか?」、生命誌、5, 20-21 (1997).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「青いバラは咲くか?」、化学と工業、51, 879-882 (1998).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「花の色の不思議を追って」、化学、54, 18-20 (1999).

近藤忠雄、吉田久美「青色の花」、健康文化、(24), 9-12 (1999).


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